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By Miranda Green

First released in 1992. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.

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In Romano-Celtic contexts, Mars dropped his competitive, offensive position, to develop into a mum or dad of all that peaceable worshippers sought after preserved and guarded: future health, fertility, and all that was once reliable in earthly lifestyles. The sunlight and sky god In bankruptcy five we study the symbolism linked to the sunlight itself. right here we're involved so much of all with the sun-god who, within the past due Iron Age and, extra quite within the Romano-Celtic interval, took the shape of an anthropomorphic sky and sunlight lord of the heavens. the main popular logo of this god used to be identical to the solar as a spoked wheel. there's little pre-Roman proof for a sunlight god represented in human shape. Sculptures depict warriors bearing talismanic wheel-pendants on their body-armour: the soldier at Fox-Amphoux (Var)234 is one instance; and Celtic cuirasses and helmets represented at the Arch at Orange235 convey comparable sun amulets. yet those are human photos testifying the use by means of earthly warriors of the sun-talisman. prone to be divine are the motifs depicted on Armorican cash which occasionally endure a dead ringer for a human head with a sun-wheel within the hair. 236 the main evocative facts for a unfastened Celtic wheel-bearing sungod seems at the Gundestrup Cauldron,237 the place a small determine of an acolyte bargains a wide cart- or chariot-wheel to a divine being (Figure 48). an enticing element approximately this scene is that the sun-god’s attendant wears a bull-horned helmet just like these linked to sun amulets at the Arch at Orange. determine forty eight Silver plate from Gundestrup Cauldron (Figure 1), displaying element of wheel-god: Gundestrup, Jutland, Denmark. Nationalmuseet, Copenhagen. Illustrator: Paul Jenkins. 116 The male picture The Romano-Celtic lord of sunlight and sky because of Roman and Celtic interplay, there emerged a hybrid sky-god, owing very much to the idea that and imagery of the Roman celestial and father-god Jupiter yet betraying the presence of a Celtic deity in partial Roman guise. the place an epigraphic commitment exists on those composite photos, the divinity invoked is often known as by means of his Roman identify; there may possibly, sometimes, be a Celtic surname hooked up to that of Jupiter—Taranis or Tanarus for instance,238 yet by no means linked to an anthropomorphic photo. major different types of iconography through which this advanced god used to be expressed could be amazing: the Romano-Celtic ‘Jupiter’ could be depicted as a sun-god, together with his Celtic sun-wheel (but Jupiter by no means looks as a sunlight divinity in classical imagery). the opposite major variety exhibits the god as a conqueror over evil, prevailing over the detrimental, chthonic forces. The hyperlink among the 2 teams of images is equipped via the sun-wheel which happens sometimes with the conquering sky-warrior. Even in cases the place overt Celtic parts of symbolism are lacking, photos of Jupiter should still demonstrate celticism within the form of photo. A bronze statuette from the Rouen sector depicts the Roman god along with his eagle, yet with a stylized face and hair, and donning Gaulish outfits.

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