By Patrick Wilcken
The definitive account of the existence, paintings, and legacy of Claude Lévi-Strauss, father of contemporary anthropology and one of many postwar era's such a lot influential thinkers.
whilst Claude Lévi-Strauss kicked the bucket final October at age a hundred, France celebrated the existence and contributions of not just a preeminent anthropologist, but additionally one of many defining intellectuals of the 20 th century. simply as Freud had shaken up the antiquarian self-discipline of psychiatry, so had Lévi-Strauss revolutionized anthropology, remodeling it from the colonial period research of "exotic" tribes to 1 ate up with basic questions about the character of humanity and civilization itself.
Remarkably, there hasn't ever been a biography in English of the enigmatic Claude Lévi-Strauss. Drawing on a welter of unique study and interviews with the anthropologist, Patrick Wilcken's Claude Lévi-Strauss fills this void. In wealthy aspect, Wilcken re-creates Lévi-Strauss's peripatetic lifestyles: his groundbreaking fieldwork in a number of the remotest reaches of the Amazon within the Nineteen Thirties; his years as a Jew in Nazi- occupied France and as an émigré in wartime long island; and his go back to Paris within the past due Nineteen Forties, the place he clashed with Jean-Paul Sartre and essentially motivated fellow postwar thinkers from Jacques Lacan to Michel Foucault and Roland Barthes. It was once in France that structuralism, the college of inspiration he based, first took carry, growing waves a long way past the sphere of anthropology. In his heyday, Lévi-Strauss was once either a hero to modern intellectuals and a world celebrity.
In Claude Lévi-Strauss, Wilcken offers the reader a desirable highbrow travel of the anthropologist's landmark works: Tristes Tropiques, a literary meditation on his travels and fieldwork; The Savage Mind, which confirmed that "primitive" everyone is pushed via an identical highbrow curiosities as their Western opposite numbers; and eventually his enormous four-volume Mythologiques, a examine of the common constructions of local mythology within the Americas. within the years that Lévi-Strauss released those pioneering works, Wilcken observes, tribal societies looked as if it would carry the solutions to the main profound questions on the human brain. Following the good anthropologist from São Paulo to the Brazilian inside, and from manhattan to Paris, Patrick Wilcken's Claude Lévi- Strauss is either an evocative trip and an highbrow biography of 1 of the twentieth-century's such a lot influential minds.
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Additional resources for Claude Lévi-Strauss: The Poet in the Laboratory
Within the history, the large river feeds off into the space. at the left-hand margin, a unadorned Tupi boy appears to be like again at Lévi-Strauss—a determine absent from a nearly exact photo reprinted within the picture album Saudades do Brasil. 60 In one other lightning spell of ethnography, Lévi-Strauss spent weeks documenting a tradition that was once unraveling earlier than his eyes. An difficult ritual concerning virgins spitting right into a 1. 5-meter-tall barrel to ferment maize wine were lowered to 3 little ladies hawking right into a cup. Their polygamous relations method had reached the boundaries of its sustainability, with the executive monopolizing 4 of the six on hand women—the different being his sister and an outdated girl. Lévi-Strauss used to be intrigued by way of the truth that the Tupi-Kawahib neither cultivated nor used tobacco, an extraordinary omission in vital Brazil. The Nambikwara have been willing people who smoke; the Mundé had blown powdered tobacco via a meter-long pipe into every one other’s nostrils. The Tupi-Kawahib, by contrast, have been horrified via the substance: “On seeing us unroll our offer of tobacco, the village leader paradoxically exclaimed, ‘Ianeapit! ’ (‘This is excrement! ’). ”61 This robust aversion used to be it sounds as if long-standing. while Rondon had first encountered the Tupi-Kawahib years sooner than, the Indians had angrily yanked cigarettes out of the mouths of someone smoking. The stopover at climaxed with the functionality of what Lévi-Strauss defined as one of those operetta, “an unique model of Les Noces. ” the executive, turning into possessed, started impersonating a chain of alternative characters in what Lévi-Strauss likened to alternating arias, leitmotifs and brooding melodies corresponding to Gregorian chants. via an interpreter, Lévi-Strauss it sounds as if the convoluted plot—which concerned the japim fowl, numerous woodland animals, and “a stick, a pestle and a bow”—sufficiently tricky to check the main educated local linguist, operating via Portuguese, a language within which Lévi-Strauss was once by no means cozy. however, he controlled to fill twenty pages of his laptop with the plot, and in addition jotted down greater than 40 airs, equivalent to assorted characters. sixty two The functionality used to be Wagnerian in scale, lasting 8 hours over nights. on the finish, the manager, exhausted and in a deep ownership, rushed at his spouse with a knife and needed to be limited as she fled into the woodland. sixty three The chief’s near-homicidal finale marked the top of the ethnographic a part of Lévi-Strauss’s trip. The go back journey took them via a string of rubber-tapping villages. At Urupá, as they waited for a motorboat to take them to the Madeira River, Vellard threatened to go away early and make his personal approach overland. “This will thoroughly disrupt our plans—it quantities to absurd and condemnable obstinacy,” wrote Castro Faria in his diary. sixty four within the occasion, they talked Vellard round and made their approach via boat to Jacaré. as soon as at the Madeira, they have been again on a steamship, which transported them as much as Porto Velho. It used to be the top of the road for Castro Faria, who took a steamer down the Amazon to Belém, from the place he traveled again to Rio.