Download E-books Koranic Allusions: The Biblical, Qumranian, and Pre-Islamic Background to the Koran PDF

By Ibn Warraq

For someone with an curiosity within the early historical past of Islam, this erudite anthology will end up to be informative and enlightening.

Scholars have lengthy identified that the textual content of the Koran indicates facts of many affects from non secular assets outdoor Islam. for instance, tales within the Koran approximately Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and different characters from the Bible evidently come from the Jewish Torah and the Christian Gospels. yet there's additionally proof of borrowing within the Koran from extra vague literature.

In this anthology, the acclaimed critic of Islam Ibn Warraq has assembled scholarly articles that delve into those strange, little-known assets. The individuals research the connections among pre-Islamic poetry and the textual content of the Koran; they usually discover similarities among a variety of Muslim doctrines and concepts present in the writings of the Ebionites, a Jewish Christian sect that existed from the second one to the fourth centuries. additionally thought of is the impression of Coptic Christian literature at the writing of the conventional biography of Muhammad.

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Download E-books To the Holy Shrines (Penguin Great Journeys) PDF

Disguised as a Persian dervish, Sir Richard Burton (1821-1890) got down to turn into the 1st Christian to penetrate the Muslim shrines of Medina and Mecca - a reckless stunt that might have ended in his being performed if stumbled on. ceaselessly observant, amused, arrogant and interesting, Burton the following describes his time in Cairo (including a memorable consuming contest with a ferocious Albanian mercenary captain), his crossing of the crimson Sea in a crazily overloaded pilgrim boat and his arrival within the fabled Nejd. "Great trips" permits readers to shuttle either round the planet and again throughout the centuries - but additionally again into rules and worlds scary, ruthless and vicious in numerous methods from our personal. Few analyzing stories can start to fit that of enticing with writers who observed outstanding issues: nice civilisations, partitions of ice, violent and implacable jungles, deserts and mountains, multitudes of birds and plants new to technology. examining those books is to determine the realm afresh, to rediscover a time while many cultures have been fairly unusual to one another, the place legends and tales have been taken care of as proof and within which loads used to be nonetheless to be came across.

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Download E-books Islamophobia PDF

By Christopher Allen

Regardless of a number of resources suggesting that Islamophobia is changing into either more and more typical and societally applicable within the modern global, there continues to be a scarcity of textual resources that contemplate both the phenomenon itself, or its manifestations and outcomes. there's no authoritative textual content that makes an attempt to appreciate or contextualise what could be visible to be essentially the most risky prejudices within the modern weather. Chris Allen starts off through taking a look at methods of defining and knowing Islamophobia. He strains its historic evolution to the current day, contemplating the influence of modern occasions and their aftermath in particular within the wake of the occasions of September eleven, prior to attempting to comprehend and understand a much broader notion of the phenomenon. a sequence of investigations thematically examine the function of the media, the modern positioning of Muslims through the global, and even if Islamophobia will be noticeable to be a continuum of old anti-Muslimism or anti-Islamism, or even if Islamophobia is a wholly glossy idea. the problem of Islamophobia is taken into account from the viewpoint of the neighborhood, neighborhood, and international. The occurrence of Islamophobia, and the significance of the phenomenon and its outcomes, is one who warrants a better research on this planet this present day. This publication is either academically and socially proper and helpful.

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Download E-books God and Logic in Islam: The Caliphate of Reason PDF

By John Walbridge

This booklet investigates the valuable position of cause in Islamic highbrow lifestyles. regardless of common characterization of Islam as a approach of trust established simply on revelation, John Walbridge argues that rational equipment, now not fundamentalism, have characterised Islamic legislations, philosophy, and schooling because the medieval interval. His study demonstrates that this medieval Islamic rational culture was once adverse by means of either modernists and fundamentalists, leading to a basic cave in of conventional Islamic highbrow lifestyles and its alternative by means of extra smooth yet a long way shallower types of notion. despite the fact that, the assets of this Islamic scholarly culture stay an essential component of the Islamic highbrow culture and should end up very important to its revival. the way forward for Islam, Walbridge argues, should be marked by means of a go back to rationalism.

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Download E-books The Sufi Orders in Islam PDF

By J. Spencer Trimingham

Sufism, the identify given to Islamic mysticism, has been the topic of many reviews, however the orders during which the organizational point of the Sufi spirit used to be expressed has been ignored. The Sufi Orders in Islam is likely one of the earliest smooth examinations of the historic improvement of Sufism and is taken into account a vintage paintings in several resources of Islamic reports this present day. the following, writer J. Spencer Trimingham deals a transparent and special account of the formation and improvement of the Sufi colleges and orders (tariqahs) from the second one century of Islam until eventually sleek times.
Trimingham specializes in the sensible disciplines in the back of the magical elements of Sufism which before everything attracted a Western viewers. He exhibits how Sufism built and adjusted, lines its courting to the unfolding and unfold of mystical principles, and describes in sharp element its rituals and ceremonial practices. eventually, he assesses the impact of those Sufi orders upon Islamic society generally. John O. Voll has additional a brand new creation to this vintage textual content and gives readers with an up-to-date checklist of additional reading.
The Sufi Orders in Islam will attraction not just to these already acquainted with Triminghams groundbreaking study, but in addition to the becoming interpreting public of Islamic experiences and mysticism.

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Download E-books Muslims in the Western Imagination PDF

By Sophia Rose Arjana

All through heritage, Muslim males were depicted as monsters. The portrayal of people as monsters is helping a society delineate who belongs and who, or what, is excluded. even if symbolic, as in post-9/11 zombie motion pictures, Muslim monsters nonetheless functionality to outline Muslims as non-human entities. those will not be depictions of Muslim males as malevolent human characters, yet particularly as creatures that occupy the mind's eye -- non-humans that convey their wickedness outwardly at the pores and skin. They populate medieval stories, Renaissance work, Shakespearean dramas, Gothic horror novels, and Hollywood motion pictures. via an exhaustive survey of medieval, early smooth, and modern literature, artwork, and cinema, Muslims within the Western Imagination examines the dehumanizing ways that Muslim males were developed and represented as monsters, and the effect such representations have on perceptions of Muslims today.

The research is the 1st to give a family tree of those creatures, from the demons and giants of the center a while to the hunchbacks with filed the teeth which are featured within the 2007 movie 300, arguing that structures of Muslim monsters represent a routine subject, first formulated in medieval Christian proposal. Sophia Rose Arjana exhibits how Muslim monsters are frequently relating to Jewish monsters, and extra largely to Christian anti-Semitism and anxieties surrounding African and different overseas our bodies, which comprises either non secular bigotry and fears surrounding physically distinction. Arjana argues persuasively that those dehumanizing buildings are deeply embedded in Western awareness, present at the present time as internalized ideals and practices that give a contribution to the tradition of violence--both rhetorical and physical--against Muslims.

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Download E-books Islamic History: A Very Short Introduction PDF

By Adam J. Silverstein

Starting with a lucid evaluation of the increase and unfold of Islam, from the 7th to the twenty-first century, this Very brief Introduction introduces the tale of Islamic heritage, charting the evolution of what was once initially a small, localized neighborhood of believers into a global faith with over one billion adherents. The e-book examines how Islam rose from the obscurity of seventh-century Arabia to the leading edge of recent worldwide matters, and it highlights how we all know what we declare to understand approximately Islam's upward push and improvement. Historian Adam J. Silverstein additionally discusses the peoples--Arabs, Persians, and Turks--who formed Islamic heritage, and sheds gentle on 3 consultant institutions--the mosque, jihad, and the caliphate--that spotlight Islam's range through the years. eventually, the booklet analyzes the jobs that Islamic historical past has performed in either non secular and political contexts, whereas stressing the original prestige that historical past enjoys between Muslims, specially in comparison to its lowly position in Western societies the place historical past is usually obvious as little greater than anything that's not to be repeated.

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Download E-books Fundamentalism: A Very Short Introduction PDF

By Malise Ruthven

Fundamentalism is noticeable because the significant possibility to international peace this present day, a end most unlikely to disregard because the occasions in manhattan on September eleven, 2001. yet what does "fundamentalism" rather suggest?

Since it was once coined by way of American Protestant evangelicals within the Twenties, using the time period "fundamentalist" has extended to incorporate a various diversity of radical conservatives and ideological purists, no longer all non secular. Fundamentalism may well now suggest either militant Israeli settlers in addition to the Islamist radicals who oppose them, it may well suggest Christians, Hindus, animal liberationists, or even Buddhist nationalists. the following, heart East professional Malise Ruthven investigates fundamentalism's ancient, social, non secular, political, and ideological roots, and tackles the polemic and stereotypes surrounding this complicated phenomena--one that eludes basic definition, but urgently has to be understood.

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Download E-books The Islamic Antichrist: The Shocking Truth about the Real Nature of the Beast PDF

By Joel Richardson

The Bible predicts within the final days a charismatic chief will identify a world following within the identify of peace. Islamic prophecy additionally predicts guy will get up to guide the countries, pledging to herald an period of peace. Islam s savior is named the Mahdi. besides the fact that, the fellow within the Bible is the Antichrist. Joel Richardson s beautiful examine and research recommend the Mahdi and the Antichrist may very well be one and an identical. within the Islamic Antichrist, Richardson exposes Western readers to the traditions of Islam and predicts the tip occasions is probably not the following. Richardson s revelations will stun readers who're ignorant of the similarities among the Antichrist and the Islam s expectancies a couple of returning Jesus. His clarification of the connection among Christian end-time prophecy and Islamic expectancies of worldwide domination has stunned readers and revolutionized eschatological expectancies for a new release. The Islamic Antichrist is the publication to learn for insights at the world's fastest-growing faith and the way forward for the realm.

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Download E-books Safavid Iran: Rebirth of a Persian Empire (Library of Middle East History) PDF

By Andrew J. Newman

The Safavid dynasty, which reigned from the past due 15th to the eighteenth century, hyperlinks medieval with smooth Iran. The Safavids witnessed wide-ranging advancements in politics, war, technology, philosophy, faith, paintings and structure. yet how did this dynasty be capable to produce the longest enduring and so much wonderful of Iran’s Islamic-period eras?

Andrew Newman deals a whole second look of the Safavid position in heritage as they presided over those remarkable advancements and the wondrous flowering of Iranian culture.  within the approach, he dissects the Safavid tale, from ahead of the 1501 trap of Tabriz through Shah Ismail (1488-1524), the purpose at which Shi`ism grew to become the realm's confirmed religion; directly to the 16th and early 17th century ruled by means of Shah Abbas (1587-1629), whose patronage of paintings and structure from his capital of Isfahan embodied the Safavid spirit; and culminating with the reign of Sultan Husayn (reg. 1694-1722).

Based on meticulous scholarship, Newman bargains a beneficial new interpretation of the increase of the Safavids and their eventual loss of life within the eighteenth century. Safavid Iran, with its clean insights and new study, is the definitive unmarried quantity paintings at the subject.

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